Alienation and Kidnapping
A parent can be charged with kidnapping if they keep the child or children with the intent of depriving the other parent of time with them.
While charges of kidnapping are rare, sometimes one parent alleges that the other parent is trying to alienate the children.
Whether this is done with subtlety or overtness, the courts are very alert to parental alienation and have the jurisdiction and obligation to protect children. There are a number of remedies for parental alienation, including awarding custody of the children to the alienated parent.
Parental alienation should not be asserted lightly. Just as courts take a dim view of alienating parents, they also take a dim view of a claim of alienation based only on hostility between the parents or due to acts of bad behaviour.